Onze samenleving steunt op het absurde idee van materiële overvloed en immateriële schaarste. We doen alsof de planeet oneindig is en plegen er dermate roofbouw op dat het overleven van de menselijke soort in gevaar komt. Anderzijds bouwen we via auteursrechten en patenten artificiële muren rond menselijke kennis om sharing en samenwerking zo moeilijk mogelijk te maken. Het peer-to-peermodel, geïnspireerd door open source zoals Wikipedia, wil die logica omdraaien. Michel Bauwens ziet in nieuwe fenomenen zoals de samenwerkingseconomie, peer-to-peernetwerken, open source, crowdsourcing, fab labs, microfabrieken, de makersbeweging en stadslandbouw een weg naar een postkapitalistische samenleving, waarbij de markt zal onderworpen worden aan het algemeen belang. Net zoals het feodalisme ontstond binnen de schoot van de Romeinse slavenmaatschappij en het kapitalisme binnen het feodalisme, groeit ook binnen het kapitalisme het embryo van een nieuwe samenleving. Om de wereld te redden, dringt zich een herlokalisering van de productie op en een uitbreiding van globale samenwerking op vlak van kennis, code en design.
Political fear is universal, but its language is particular. Racism is one language of fear; risk assessment is another. There is little doubt, however, that security — whether national or domestic — is the most potent and pervasive language of all.
Corey Robin: Security is the one good, political theorists like John Dunn and Bernard Williams agree, that the state must provide. It has the ability, like no other argument, to mobilize the resources and attention of the state and its citizens. It has arguably inspired — and, in the case of nuclear deterrence, certainly threatened — more devastation and destruction than any other ideology of the modern era.
The Road to Political Democracy is two books in one.
In the first part it shows the growth of democracy, through the enhancement of its four main Aristotelian features: the rule by turn, the rule of law, education and the role of the middle class.
In its second part it describes and cites the historical milestones in the evolution of the democratic regime. It covers twenty-five centuries of evolution, starting with Plato’s and Aristotle’s works in Greek Antiquity to today’s question as to whether democracy is a universal value.
Isaiah Berlin John Gray taal: Engels gepubliceerd door: Princeton University Press gedrukt: 1996 bindwijze: gebonden isbn: 978-0-691-02635-0 pagina’s: 189 verworven via: Abebooks I bought this book, which is a study of the thought of Isaiah Berlin, because of my huge interest in Berlin, but also because I have been impressed by John Gray’s Straw Dogs.
If you are curious and open to the life around you, if you are troubled as to why, how and by whom political power is held and used, if you sense there must be good intellectual reasons for your unease, if your curiosity and openness drive you toward wishing to act with others, to “do something,” you already have much in common with the writers of the three essays in this book.
The Road to Serfdom remains one of the all-time classics of twentieth-century intellectual thought. For over half a century, it has inspired politicians and thinkers around the world, and has had a crucial impact on our political and cultural history. With trademark brilliance, Hayek argues convincingly that, while socialist ideals may be tempting, they cannot be accomplished except by means that few would approve of. Addressing economics, fascism, history, socialism and the Holocaust, Hayek unwraps the trappings of socialist ideology. He reveals to the world that little can result from such ideas except oppression and tyranny. Today, more than fifty years on, Hayek’s warnings are just as valid as when The Road to Serfdom was first published.
“A sensation” upon its initial publication in France, as the New York Times reported, Annie Cohen-Solal’s internationally bestselling biography of Jean-Paul Sartre is a remarkable achievement. First published in the United States in 1987, it is the definite biography of a man and an age, an intimate portrait of a complex life.
One of the major accomplishments of Cohen-Solal’s book is not only to place Sartre in the context of history, but to reopen the question of his role and to reassess the full import of his literary and political accomplishments. Discovering untold aspects of Sartre’s private and political life, Cohen-Solal weaves together all the elements of an exceptional career. From the description of his previously unknown father to the painful last moments of Sartre’s own declining years, this is biography on the grandest scale.
More’s Utopia is a complex, innovative and penetrating contribution to political thought, culminating in the famous ‘description’ of the Utopians, who live according to the principles of natural law, but are receptive to Christian teachings, who hold all possessions in common, and view gold as worthless. Drawing on the ideas of Plato, St Augustine and Aristotle, Utopia was to prove seminal in its turn, giving rise to the genres of utopian and dystopian prose fiction whose practitioners include Sir Francis Bacon, H.G. Wells, Aldous Huxley and George Orwell. At once a critique of the social consequences of greed and a meditation on the personal cost of entering public service, Utopia dramatises the difficulty of balancing the competing claims of idealism and pragmatism, and continues to invite its readers to become participants in a compelling debate concerning the best state of a commonwealth.