Der philosophische Glaube Karl Jaspers taal: Duitsgepubliceerd door: Piperdeze editie: 2012bindwijze: paperbackisbn: 9783492300179pagina’s: 136 verworven via: Amazon Diese sechs Vorlesungen aus dem Jahr 1947 sind eine wichtige Ergänzung zu den großen Werken von Karl Jaspers. In ihnen erörtert er die Möglichkeiten philosophischer Erkenntnis und kennzeichnet zugleich die Grenzen, an denen sie sich mit religiösen Glaubenssätzen […]
In The Blank Slate, Steven Pinker explains why many of today’s intellectuals deny the existence of human nature, claiming that each of us is born a blank slate upon which the environment writes, and that these inscriptions define every aspect of who we are. Pinker shows that this thesis is no longer tenable, nor is it particularly desirable.
The Stuff of Thought is a revelation. In this exhilarating new book, Steven Pinker analyzes how our words relate to thoughts and to the world around us and reveals what this tells us about ourselves.
How does a mind that evolved to think about rocks and plants and enemies think about love and physics and democracy? Why do we threaten and bribe and seduce in such elaborate, often comical ways? How can a choice of metaphors start a war, impeach a president, or win an election? Why do people impose taboos on topics like sex, excretion, and the divine? What does the peculiar syntax of swearing (just what does the “fuck” in “fuck you” actually mean?) tell us about ourselves? Why do some names thrive while others fall out of circulation? How do we control the amount of information that we absorb? And what good does this actually do us? Pinker answers all these questions and many, many more. He shows us that language really can tell us unexpected and fascinating things about ourselves.
Four billion years ago, there was no freedom on our planet, because there was no life. What kinds of freedom have evolved since the origin of life? Can there be freedom and free will in a deterministic world? If you are free, are you responsible for being free, or just lucky?
In Freedom Evolves, Daniel C. Dennett, the author of Darwin’s Dangerous Idea and Consciousness Explained, sets out to answer these questions, showing how we, alone among the animals, have evolved minds that give us free will and morality. In a series of strikingly original arguments drawing on evolutionary biology, cognitive neuroscience, economics, and philosophy, he demonstrates that if we accept Darwin’s reasoning, we can build from the simplest life forms all the way up to the best and deepest human thoughts on questions of morality and meaning, ethics and freedom.
Shadows of the Mind is a profound exploration of what modern physics has to tell us about the mind, and a visionary description of what a new physics — one that is adequate to account for our extraordinary brain — might look like. It is also a bold speculation on the biological process that makes consciousness what it is.
“The philosophy of mind is unique among contemporary philosophical subjects,” writes John Searle, “in that all of the most famous and influential theories are false.” In Mind, Searle dismantles these famous and influential theories as he presents a vividly written, comprehensive introduction to the mind.
Het uitgangspunt van dit boek is dat computermodellen ons kunnen helpen meer inzicht te krijgen in de werking van de geest. Het behandelt een scala van mentale verschijnselen, van waarneming, leren en geheugen tot verbeelding, taal en probleemoplossen. Dezelfde vraag duikt hierbij telkens op: ‘In hoeverre kan de menselijke geest worden vergeleken met een computer?’